The levels of air pollution nowadays have reached its peak and also crossed the unsafe limits. The harmful impact of air pollution is seen among all the living organisms which are leading to their death or extinction. In addition to this, the air pollution is also the major culprit behind an increase in the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures.
The exposure to unsafe levels of air pollution is always a matter of concern to the public. The health experts across the globe and researchers are trying to find out a potential solution to this issue so as to reduce its adverse impact. According to the findings of this latest study, air pollution can give rise to osteoporosis and bone fractures.
Osteoporosis is characterized by weakness in bone which can develop fractures. This disorder is most commonly seen in elderly people. Porous and weak bones can lead to fractures even if a person falls from a small distance. Weaker bones can lead to pain in bones and these bones can break easily.
The symptoms of osteoporosis are back pain, joint pain, bent posture. More than 10% of older people in the United States has become a victim of this disorder. Now air pollution is further contributing to this disorder. Thus in coming years, the number of young people suffering from osteoporosis and bone fractures is expected to increase further.
The study which shows the link between air pollution and increases in the risk of osteoporosis, bone fractures can be seen in the journal Lancet Planetary Health. The study was conducted by the researchers from Columbia University of New York City. This study evaluated the data of more than 9 million Medicare patients and noticed that a large number of fracture cases were recorded between 2003 and 2010.
The air pollutants which lead to osteoporosis and bone fractures are PM2.5 and these are very tiny particles having a diameter of just 2.5 micrometers. This compound is the major culprit behind the rise in the number of osteoporosis and bone fractures. The PM2.5 along with black carbon is released by the exhaust fumes of vehicles.
The compounds interfere with the level of calcium and lead to bone fractures. The individuals who are exposed to low level of air pollution have not shown the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures. Thus it is high time to take prompt actions which can reduce the levels of air pollution.